Student: Christina Ruiz
Mentor: Kelly Copperthite and Gail Samdperil
Major: Athletic Training
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a relatively newly recognized pathology. In the general population, the prevalence is 10-15%. The specific cause of the abnormal femoral neck-head structure or acetabulum in FAI is still unknown. The objective of this case study is to discuss FAI, the signs and symptoms, the presentation of FAI, the surgical interventions, and treatment specifically in a Division I male soccer player. The athlete was complaining of increasing groin pain following a practice. He had a previous medical history of consistent groin pain since the previous season. The athlete became unable and fearful of playing due to his pain. The possible diagnoses were an adductor strain, hip flexor strain, rectus abdominis strain, osteitis pubis, FAI, or labral tear causing his symptoms. The athlete was diagnosed with FAI with an acetabulum fracture and labral tear. The athlete underwent a hip arthroscopy and labral debridement. After rehabilitation, the athlete returned to Division I soccer with no limitations. Athletic trainers must consider FAI in athletes that complain of increasing intensity and consistent groin pain. An early diagnosis and correction is crucial to decreasing the damage to the articular cartilage and acetabular labrum. It will also decrease the onset of early osteoarthritis.