Biology Undergraduate Course Descriptions

BI 010 The Nature of Life 4 CR
Examines molecular and cellular nature of life, energy systems in plants and animals, origin of life, basic evolutionary strategies and ecological principles. Three hours of lecture and two hours of experiment and discussion per week. Nonscience majors.

BI 020 Heredity and Society 3 CR
A genetics course examining the evidence for proposing the existence of genes, the molecular nature of genes and the ethical implications of recent advances in genetic research. Three hours of lecture per week. Nonscience majors.

BI 025 Connecticut Wildlife 3 CR
A laboratory and field-oriented core course. Emphasis on wildlife and habitat diversity in the American Northeast, especially Connecticut. The central theme is adaptation. Topics include predation, migration, reproduction and species identification. Five hours per week. Nonscience majors.

BI 026 Winter Wildlife 3 CR
A laboratory and field-oriented core course. Emphasis on winter adaptations of wildlife in the American Northeast, especially Connecticut. Topics include migration, species identification, tracking and feeding ecology. Five hours per week. Nonscience majors.

BI 030 The Human Body 3 CR
Focuses on human physiology and the role humans play in the health and maintenance of their bodies. Topics include human organization, processing and transporting, integration and coordination and reproduction. Three hours of lecture per week (this course can also be taken online).  Nonscience majors.

BI 050 Biology of Poisons  3 CR
This course presents the principles of toxicology within a human context, discusses how toxicology affects everyday life, and investigates the broader issues for public health and disease prevention. This is an online course for non-science majors.

BI 052 Man and the Environment 4 CR
Examines the interactions of humans and their environment including population and cultural problems; use and misuse of physical, chemical and biotic resources; and the nature of proper management systems. Three hours of lecture and two hours laboratory/discussion per week. Nonscience majors.

BI 111 Concepts in Biology I 3 CR
Discusses cell biology, energetics, genetics, origin of life and evolution. Three hours of lecture; one hour of discussion per week. Corequisite: BI 113

BI 112 Concepts in Biology II 3 CR
Addresses organismal organization, transport, nutrition, control of the internal environment, hormonal and neural control and reproduction in plants and animals. Three hours of lecture, one hour of discussion per week. Prerequisite: BI 111; corequisite: BI 114

BI 113 Concepts in Biology I Laboratory 1 CR
Focuses on fundamental biological methods, including microscopic techniques; cell structure; biological chemistry; cellular physiology; molecular biology; cell division; and survey of the Kingdoms Monera and Fungi. One three-hour session per week. Corequisite: BI 111

BI 114 Concepts in Biology II Laboratory 1 CR
Surveys Kingdoms Plantae and Animalia. Topics include the structure, function, reproduction and development of plants and animals with emphasis on angiosperms and vertebrates. One three-hour session per week. Prerequisite: BI 113; corequisite: BI 112

BI 126/127 Nursing Anatomy and Physiology I 4 CR
Lecture and laboratory investigation of the cell structure and function, tissues, skeletal, muscular and nervouse systems. Nursing students only.  Three hours of lecture, three hours of laboratory, and one hour of discussion per week.

BI 128/129 Nursing Anatomy and Physiology II 4 CR
Lecture and laboratory investigation of the endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary and reproductive systems.  Nursing students only.  Three hours of lecture, three hours of laboratory, and one hour of discussion.   Prerequisites:  BI 126/127 

BI 131/133 Human Anatomy and Physiology I 4 CR
Lecture and laboratory investigation of tissues, skeletal, muscular and nervous systems. This section is for students interested in atheletic training, exercise science, physical therapy or physician assistant programs.  Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.  Prerequisites: BI 111/113

BI 132/134 Human Anatomy and Physiology II 4 CR
Lecture and laboratory investigation of the endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary and reproductive systems. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BI 131/133

BI 161/162 Introduction to Microbiology 4 CR
The study of microorganisms with emphasis on morphology; cultivation; genetics of bacteria, viruses and fungi, and infectious diseases caused by these microbes. Laboratory work stresses aseptic technique and the microscopic, nutritional and biochemical characteristics of bacteria. Nursing students only. Three hours of lecture and three of laboratory per week.

BI 205 Essentials of Neuroscience 3 CR
This course is an introduction to neuroscience, a discipline in which the biological and psychological sciences are integrated.  This broad overview addresses topics ranging from the cellular physiology of neurons to issues of human language, cognition and mental illness.  Prerequisites:  BI 111/113, PS 101

BI 210 Plant Biology 4 CR
Three diverse topics in plant biology are introduced: plant evolution and diversity, the physiological ecology of plants, and the linked topics of ethnobotany and economic botany.  Laboratory work concentrates on intensive investigations of the life cycle and physiology of the popular laboratory organisms. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BI 112/114

BI 212 Animal Development 4 CR
Examines cellular and molecular aspects of animal development, from gametogenesis to morphogenesis and pattern formation. Laboratory work includes investigations on fertilization, cellular differentiation, regeneration and the development of vertebrate organ systems. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BI 112, BI 114 and BI 220

BI 220/221 Genetics 4 CR
The study of inheritance with emphasis on the evidence that led to the emergence of the areas of transmission and the development of molecular genetics. Focuses on ethical issues precipitated by genetic research. Laboratory work demonstrates the power of organisms in studying transmission genetics and mutagenesis.  Basic techniques in molecular biology and microbiology are introduced.  Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BI 111/113, MA 131, CH 151 and CH 153 (chemistry courses may be taken concurrently)

BI 225/226 Evolutionary Analysis 4 CR
Utilizing an investigative framework, students explore the relevance of evolution to real-life problems, and understand that both evolution and natural selection are observable processes. Mechanisms of evolutionary change, and the history of life on earth will also be explored. Three hours of lecture and three hours laboratory period per week. Prerequisite: MA 131

BI 230 Microbiology 4 CR
Addresses microbial morphology, physiology, genetics and ecology. Emphasis on ethical concerns surrounding the study and treatment of infectious diseases. Laboratory work focuses on identification of bacteria. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BI 111, BI 113, CH 151 and CH 153 (Chemistry courses may be taken concurrently)

BI 235 Principles of Biotechnology 4 CR
Focuses on the fundamental biotechnology techniques (e.g. nucleic acid analysis and genomics, bioinformatics, cell culture and proteomics) used in modern industrial research laboratories through the application of a semester-long project. Prerequisites: BI 220, MA 131, CH 221/223

BI 240 Invertebrate Biology 4 CR
Investigation of the major invertebrate phyla including a consideration of phylogenetic relationships and morphological adaptations related to the ecology or level of organization of each phylum. Laboratory and field work. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BI 112 and BI 114

BI 245 Vertebrate Biology 4 CR
Examines the evolution and ecology of the vertebrates including taxonomy, life history anatomy and physiology of extant and extinct vertebrates. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BI 112 and BI 114

BI 255 Animal Behavior 4 CR
An introduction to how animals of all different types use behaviors as strategies for interacting with the environment. Behaviors studied include communication, habitat selection, migration, mate choice, breeding and parental care. Development and physiological control of behaviors are also examined. Three hours of lecture and one laboratory/field session per week. Prerequisites: BI 112, BI 114, MA 131

BI 260 Marine Biology 4 CR
Examines the structure and function of marine habitats at the organismal, population community, and ecosystem levels.  Laboratory includes field investigation of different types of estuarine and coastal habitats and design of basic and applied marine ecological investigations.  Three hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BI 112 and BI 114

BI 265 Conservation Biology 4 CR
The focus of this course is on the science of conservation biology in the context of environmental policy, socioeconomic demands and environmental ethics.  Prerequisite: BI 112/114

BI 299 Special Topics in Biology 3–4 CR
Designates new or occasional courses that may or may not become part of the department's permanent offerings. Prerequisites are established by the department as appropriate for the specific course. Course title is shown on the student's transcript. Consult the current course schedule for available topics and prerequisites.

BI 311 Cell Biochemistry 4 CR
Covers advanced topics in eukaryotic cell biology with emphasis on protein biochemistry. Laboratory work includes enzyme kinetics, biochemical pathway studies and other biological analyses. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BI 220, CH 221 and CH 223 (chemistry courses may be taken concurrently)

BI 312 Systems Physiology 4 CR
Investigation of the physiology of vertebrate systems. Topics include cardiovascular, respiratory, neural, muscular, digestive, endocrine, reproductive and excretory physiology. Laboratory instruction includes practical investigation and survey research projects into the above topics and related illnesses. Prerequisites: BI 112, BI 114, CH 152 and CH 154

BI 325 Immunology 3 CR
Examines the immune response including characteristics of antigens, antibodies and antigen-antibody interactions. 

BI 345 Neurobiology 4 CR
Covers cell biology of neurons, electrical and biochemical signaling, motor control, sensation and perception, learning and memory, and brain anatomy. Laboratory instruction includes practical investigations and survey research projects into the above topics and related illnesses. Prerequisites: BI 112, BI 114, CH 152 and CH 154

BI 350/351 Ecology 4 CR
Examines fundamental concepts of plant and animal interactions as revealed by field and laboratory studies of populations, communities and ecosystems. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory/field session per week. Prerequisites: BI 112, BI 114, CH 152, CH 154 and MA 131; recommended course: MA 151

BI 355 Molecular Biology 4 CR
Provides foundations of molecular biology and recombinant DNA technology, analysis of relevant primary journal articles, hands-on training in recombinant DNA techniques, and exposure to the use of computers in DNA sequence analysis and scientific communication. Prerequisites: BI 220, CH 221 and CH 223

BI 360 Internship 3-6 CR
A study of a biological topic or of and interdisciplinary project that provides majors with an opportunity to gain experience not specifically available in Sacred Heart University's Biology cirriculum.  Students complete an internship portfolio under the direction of an appropriate professional in consultation with a biology faculty advisor.

BI 390 Supervised Research 2–6 CR
Individual research projects in the basic areas of Biology under the supervision of faculty. Prerequisites: A 3.0 GPA and permission of the supervising faculty member, Section A Research in Molecular Biology, Section B Research in Ecology, Section C Research in Neurobiology and Section D Research in Animal Behavior


BI 399 Senior Seminar 2 CR
A capstone course for the Biology major. A review of current research and literature in a specialized field of biological science. A research paper and final oral presentation on a selected topic is required. Prerequisites: Senior status and permission of advisor