Diabetic Ketoacidosis in Adolescents

Student: Callan Liljeberg*
Mentor: Eileen Yost
Major: Nursing 

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) remains a common complication of Type 1 diabetes mellitus, both at the time of diagnosis and in those with established diabetes.  DKA can be life-threatening; progressing to coma and even death if not corrected immediately.  Diabetic Ketoacidosis is the most prevalent cause of hospitalization and the most common cause for death in adolescence diagnosed with diabetes. The purpose of this project is to promote the health and well-being of adolescence diagnosed with Type I diabetes at Griffin Hospital by providing education about DKA. Implementation of the project included the development of a teaching tool to be used by the staff nurses in the emergency room at Griffin Hospital, as well as a handout for patients and caregivers. This educational tool can be used to support education for the diabetic adolescent patient regarding the precipitating factors, signs and symptoms of DKA, and the risks associated with diabetic treatment noncompliance. The recommendations presented in this teaching tool follow the guidelines established by of the American Diabetes Association (2014) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (2014) for the adolescent population.

*Honors Senior